RVBusiness reports that there are over one million recreational vehicles (RVSs) traversing the country, with 14% of households owning one. While RVs are part and parcel of Canadian life, there are many safety rules that regulate the towing of vehicles. The rules differ from province to province, which can complicate the situation for RV owners who are hauling their trailers from one territory into another. Before setting out on your cross-country road trip, consider the applicable rules in each destination.
Most provinces require RV owners to have a valid driver's license to tow a recreational vehicle. In Ontario, you need a class G1,G2,G or higher if the gross weight of the recreational trailer is 4,600 kilograms. You may need a separate permit to tow a vehicle that exceeds this limit. In Manitoba, everyone who boards the towing vehicle must obtain insurance. Most states prohibit owners of non-commercial vehicles from hauling more than one trailer on a highway.
Like licensing rules, brake requirements are somewhat different in each territory. In British Columbia, for example, all trailers that have a gross weight of more than 1,400kilograms require breaks. If the trailer and its content weigh more than the vehicle you are using to tow, the trailer needs breaks as well. Additionally, trailers with two axles require breaks on each axle.
All provinces have stringent trailer safety chain requirements to prevent accidents caused by a trailer that detaches from the towing vehicle. Generally, the tow vehicle and the trailer must be firmly connected by a drawbar. These rules apply whether you are an individual towing an RV or a professional, like those at Double L Towing, pulling another car. The connecting safety chains must be steadfastly hooked to structurally sturdy part of the vehicle and the trailer.
Rules for Lighting
Your trailer needs to be adequately lighted to alleviate highway collisions. Generally, the trailer requires two reflectors at the tail end, a red light at the rear and a white light to illuminate the license plate. In New Brunswick, for instance, there is a specific requirement that the rear red lights be bright enough to be seen from a distance of 150 meters. Furthermore, provinces such as Ontario have additional lighting requirements for large trailers. RVs wider than 2.05 meters must have two rear-end red reflectors placed far apart from each either to indicate the width of the trailer as a safety precaution for driver behind you. You also need two yellow reflectors placed at the front to warn oncoming drivers of the trailer's width.
Every year, several trailer collisions occur in Canada. Adhering to RV safety rules can help to prevent or lower the occurrence of these accidents.